Some Notes:

The English language has no gender-neutral pronouns. So when the words man, he, him, etc are used, they mean "Generic human being" unless the context specifically says otherwise. Only women get words devoted just to them.

Thou, Thee, and Thine are singular pronouns. You and Your are plural in the 16th Century English the King James Bible was translated into. This actually makes the message clearer than our habit of using "you" as both a singular and a plural.

In many scriptures I have changed the King James (English) spelling to American spelling (labour=labor, for example. I understand those in England still spell it with a u). Also, in some scriptures I have changed the "-eth" to a simple "s." Spelling standards weren't set in English until the mid 1800's, well after the translating of the KJV. So I see no problem with making these simple changes that don't affect the meaning of the scripture but make it easier for our modern mouths and ears to deal with.

Genesis 34- Dinah

1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.

We get into trouble when we socialize with unbelievers if we aren’t real careful.


2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.

There is a hint of force in the wording here, but I tend to think from the following verses that it was consensual sex. The “defilement” was because she was unmarried and a non-virgin would not usually be able to marry later.

3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.

Rape generally results in feelings of hatred from both parties, not love.

4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, “Get me this damsel to wife.”

A young man used to getting what he wants.

5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the field: and Jacob held his peace until they were come.

Jacob is being a rather wimpy father. He should have dealt with this himself and not waited to let his sons deal with it.

Of course, if it was consensual sex he may have had trouble deciding between justice and his daughter’s happiness.

6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went out unto Jacob to commune with him.

7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter; which thing ought not to be done.

Jacob’s boy’s came home when they heard.

8 And Hamor communed with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.

9 “And make ye marriages with us, and give your daughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you.

10 “And ye shall dwell with us: and the land shall be before you; dwell and trade ye therein, and get you possessions therein.”

He is proposing that they become one people.

11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her brethren, “Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye shall say unto me I will give.

12 “Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as ye shall say unto me: but give me the damsel to wife.”

He really loved her and was willing to do anything to get her.

13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, "because he had defiled Dinah their sister:

14 And they said unto them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us:

15 “But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised;

16 “Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people.

17 “But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone.”

They had no intention of letting Diana marry Shechem. They wanted to put him in a vulnerable position.

18 And their words pleased Hamor, and Shechem, Hamor’s son.

19 And the young man deferred not to do the thing, because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter: and he was more honorable than all the house of his father.

This does not sound like the attitude of a man who just committed rape. In fact, the Bible certainly wouldn’t call a rapist “honorable.” He just had the common non-God-worshiping attitude about sex and marriage; that it is entertainment, nothing more. This is definitely a sin, but not on the same level as rape.

20 And Hamor and Shechem his son came unto the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city, saying,

21 “These men are peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them our daughters.

22 “Only herein will the men consent unto us for to dwell with us, to be one people, if every male among us be circumcised, as they are circumcised.

23 “Shall not their cattle and their substance and every beast of theirs be ours? Only let us consent unto them, and they will dwell with us.”

Shechem may have truly loved Diana and been more honorable, but he wasn’t above using the greed of his neighbors to get what he wanted.

24 And unto Hamor and unto Shechem his son hearkened all that went out of the gate of his city; and every male was circumcised, all that went out of the gate of his city.

I can’t imagine a group of men being that greedy.

25 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males.

This would cause Jacob to bypass them in the assigning of the Blessing of clan leader. Ruben will disqualify himself latter, also, leaving the fourth son, Judah, to inherit the Blessing.

26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem’s house, and went out.

She was already living with Shechem. This not acceptable to the godly. There is a good chance Dinah was only in her mid-teens at this time and so not very mature in her decision making yet.

27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister.

This may have been just Simeon and Levi, or the other sons may have joined in the looting after the men of the town had been slaughtered.

28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field,

29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the house.

The two groups, Israel and the city, did become one group, but not in the way the men of the city had wanted. With all the men dead, the city was easy prey.

30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.”

“You’ve put us all in danger!” He appears to be more concerned with his own safety than with the fact that his sons just lied to and murdered an entire city full of men.

31 And they said, “Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?”

A harlot engages in consensual sex outside of marriage (for pay). Raping a woman would not be treating her like a harlot, but is equivalent to murder in the Mosaic Law. This really makes it seem more like Shechem seduced Dinah than raped her.